Multilevel Rowsets

A multi-level rowset is one that has a parent-child-grandchild relationship structure. Such rowsets can be really handy when you need to emulate the structure of the component buffer (scroll levels).

For this example I'm going to use a structure based on PeopleTools security - the USER_ROLES page in the USERMAINT component which is located at:

PeopleTools > Security > User Profiles > User Profiles > Roles (tab)

The reason I'm using PeopleTools security is that it is available for all PeopleSoft applications (HRMS, Campus Solutions, Finance etc).

A simplified version of the scroll structure in the USER_ROLES page is:

  • Level 0: Operator ID (PSOPRDEFN)
    • Level 1: Role (PSROLEUSER_VW)

What I want is to create a rowset that emulates this scroll structure so that I can store the roles a particular user may have.

The first step is to declare the rowsets and use an appropriate naming convention and suffix with the scroll level which I makes sense:

Local Rowset &rsUser0;
Local Rowset &rsRoles1;
Local Rowset &rsUserRoles;

Rowset &rsUser0 is for PSOPRDEFN, &rsRoles1 is for PSROLEUSER_VW and &rsUserRoles is the multi-level rowset with the structure we want.

Now we need to create the standalone rowsets for level 0 and level 1 in our scroll structure:

&rsUser0 = CreateRowset(Record.PSOPRDEFN);
&rsRoles1 = CreateRowset(Record.PSROLEUSER_VW);

Finally we can create the multi-level rowset:

&rsUserRoles = CreateRowset(&rsUser0, &rsRoles1);

This gives us a rowset where each user (operator ID) can have one or more roles. In our example, we could then populate the standalone rowset from the component buffer like so:

Local Rowset &rs0;
&rs0 = GetLevel0();

For more information, see this article on copying rowsets.

You might have a case where you want multiple children at a scroll level. Here's another example using the PSOPRALIAS page on the USERMAINT component.

The structure this time is:

  • Level 0: PSOPRDEFN
    • Level 1: PSOPRALIAS
      • Level 2: PSORPALIASFIELD

Now we have three scroll levels and two children at the same scroll level (scroll 1 has PSOPRALIAS and PSOPRALIASTYPE).

Once again we start with the standlone rowsets for each record in the scroll structure. However this time, using a bottom-up
approach we link the lower scroll levels to the higher scroll levels as follows:

Local Rowset &rsUser0, &rsAlias1, &rsAliasType1, &rsAliasField2;
&rsAliasField2 = CreateRowset(Record.PSOPRALIASFIELD);
&rsAliasType1 = CreateRowset(Record.PSOPRALIASTYPE, &rsAliasField2);
&rsAlias1 = CreateRowset(Record.PSOPRALIAS, &rsAliasType1);
&rsUser0 = CreateRowset(Record.PSOPRDEFN);

Now to create the multilevel rowset.

Local Rowset &rsUserAlias;
&rsUserAlias = CreateRowset(&rsUser0, &rsAlias1);

Populating Multilevel Rowsets

When you are referencing anything below scroll 0, you need to use the same syntax as you would when populating a rowset from the component buffer.

For example, if I wanted to populate the PSOPRALIAS (scroll 1) of the &rsUserAlias multilevel rowset with the Rowset fill method (for standalone rowsets) for just the PS user, the code would look like this:

&rsUserAlias(1).GetRowset(Scroll.PSOPRALIAS).Fill("where OPRID = 'PS'");

The same applies for getting to a particular field. For example, say I wanted to message out the field PSOPRALIAS.OPRALIASTYPE. This would be the code to use with the &rsUserAlias multilevel rowset:

MessageBox(0, "", 0, 0, "Operator Alias Type = " 
| &rsUserAlias(1).GetRowset(Scroll.PSOPRALIAS)(1).PSOPRALIAS.OPRALIASTYPE.Value);

Going down to level 2 or 3 can get quite confusing! That's why it is easier to do the manipulation to the underlying rowsets then combine them together at the end into a multilevel rowset.

Getting information out of the multilevel rowset still poses the same challenges though. Which is why you might want to create scroll level rowsets that reference scroll levels on your multilevel rowset. The previous examples can be simplified this way by creating &rsUserAlias1 which references the PSOPRALIAS scroll at level 1 on the &rsUserAlias multilevel rowset.

Local Rowset &rsUserAlias1;
&rsUserAlias1 = &rsUserAlias(1).GetRowset(Scroll.PSOPRALIAS);
MessageBox(0, "", 0, 0, "Operator Alias Type = " &rsUserAlias1.PSOPRALIAS.OPRALIASTYPE.Value);

Remember, its all about context!

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